Grand Rapids City Code of Ordinances Chapter 61 Article 6: Mixed-Use Commercial Zone Districts Section 5.6.02

Land Use and Planning, Land Use Regulation
Policy type

The Grand Rapids Zoning Ordinance establishes four types of Traditional Neighborhood Mixed-Use Commercial Districts. Among those four, the Traditional Neighborhood – Transitional City Center District (TN-TCC) was created to provide a more gradual transition from the intensity of downtown development uses to adjacent areas. The TN-TCC District allows for more development than may normally be permitted in general neighborhood commercial locations under the zoning code. Structures within this district are intended to create and maintain a compact, transit-friendly, and walkable mixed-use environment.

Relationship to food access, food insecurity, or local food economies

Communities across the U.S. are using land use regulation tools to increase access to healthy foods and support local food economies (Harvard Law FLPC 2012; Neuner et al. 2011). Flexible zoning that allows for mixed-use development is useful for accommodating the creation of food innovation districts, which promote healthy foods for residents and economic opportunities for small-scale farmers and distributors (Lucas et al. 2013). The Grand Rapids Downtown Market, located in a TN-TCC District, exemplifies how zoning can allow for a mixed-use concept to merge facilities for food production, retail, distribution, and education at a single location near a major highway and several bus stops (Grand Action 2010).

Scale of Governance
Michigan Good Food Charter Priority

Priority 5 – Encourage food business districts, Priority 6 – Use policy & planning to increase food access


Grand Action (March 2010). Grand Rapids Urban Market: Background Information. Grand Rapids, MI. Retrieved on February 20, 2015 from LINK.

Harvard Law School Food Law and Policy Clinic (Harvard FLPC). (2012). GOOD LAWS, GOOD FOOD: PUTTING LOCAL FOOD POLICY TO WORK FOR OUR COMMUNITIES. Harvard Law School: Cambridge, MA. Retrieved on December 5, 2014 from LINK.

Lucas, S., Goddeeris, L. & Cantrell, P. (2013). Food Innovation Districts: An Economic Gardening Tool. Michigan Planner, 17(3). Retrieved on November 5, 2014 from LINK.

Neuner, K., Kelly, S., & Raja, S. (2011). Planning to Eat? Innovative Local Government Plans and Policies to Build Healthy Food Systems in the United States. Buffalo, New York: The Food Systems Planning and Healthy Communities Lab. Retrieved on August 3, 2015 from LINK.