Public Act 92 Michigan Food Law Section 289.4111 (Amended) License fees; food sanitation fees; initial application fee as nonrefundable; convenience fee.

Community Food Security, Economic Development, Food Retailers
Policy type

The Michigan Food Law, or Public Act 92 of 2000, provides the Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development with the statutory authority to administer the provisions outlined in the Michigan Modified FDA Food Code. The act requires that mobile food vendors must obtain a license from their local public health department for both the mobile food establishment (i.e. truck, cart, etc.) and the commissary where food is prepared and carts are stored.

Relationship to food access, food insecurity, or local food economies

Mobile farmers markets or food carts that sell fruits and vegetables to underserved communities have begun to appear over the past few years in cities such as Detroit, Ypsilanti, Grand Rapids, and Flint (Gordan 2016; Bloom 2016; Ziegler 2014; NPR 2010). Local governments seeking to promote healthy mobile food vending can simplify the application process for these vendors by creating a single location where vendors can apply to for all state and local licenses and permits (Vallianatos 2014, p. 221).

Scale of Governance
Policy Text Link
Michigan Good Food Charter Priority

Priority 1 – Increase healthy food access & consumption, Priority 24 – Decrease regulatory burdens on farmers while considering their diversity of production practices


A Healthier Michigan. (2014, October 14). “YMCA Veggie Vans Bring Fresh Produce to Michigan Neighborhoods.” A Healthier Michigan. Retrieved on February 13, 2015 from LINK.

Bloom, E. (2016, July 13). “Growing Hope’s Ypsilanti Mobile Farm Stand returns to Ypsilanti and Superior Township.” Michigan Good Food. Retrieved on October 11, 2016 from LINK.

Gordan, V. (2016, September 13). “Mobile farmers market on the road in Flint.” Michigan Radio. Retrieved on October 10, 2016 from LINK.

NPR (National Public Radio). (2010, November 2). “Detroit Truck Responds To City’s Food Desert Crisis.” National Public Radio. Retrieved on February 13, 2015 from LINK.

Vallianatos, M. (2014). “A More Delicious City: How to Legalize Street Food”. In Mukhija, V. & Loukaitou-Sideris (Eds.), The Informal American City: Beyond Taco Trucks and Day Labor. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press: 209-226