Full Policy Name:
Topics: Land Use Regulation, Land Use and Planning
Policy type: Ordinance
Year: 2008

The Grand Rapids Zoning Ordinance establishes four types of Traditional Neighborhood Mixed-Use Commercial Districts. Among those four, the Traditional Neighborhood – Transitional City Center District (TN-TCC) was created to provide a more gradual transition from the intensity of downtown development uses to adjacent areas. The TN-TCC District allows for more development than may normally be permitted in general neighborhood commercial locations under the zoning code. Structures within this district are intended to create and maintain a compact, transit-friendly, and walkable mixed-use environment.

Relationship to food access, food insecurity, or local food economies:

Communities across the U.S. are using land use regulation tools to increase access to healthy foods and support local food economies (Harvard Law FLPC 2012; Neuner et al. 2011). Flexible zoning that allows for mixed-use development is useful for accommodating the creation of food innovation districts, which promote healthy foods for residents and economic opportunities for small-scale farmers and distributors (Lucas et al. 2013). The Grand Rapids Downtown Market, located in a TN-TCC District, exemplifies how zoning can allow for a mixed-use concept to merge facilities for food production, retail, distribution, and education at a single location near a major highway and several bus stops (Grand Action 2010).

Scale of Governance: City
Summary Link: URL
Policy Text Link: URL
Michigan Good Food Charter Priority: Priority 5 - Encourage food business districts, Priority 6 - Use policy & planning to increase food access

Grand Action (March 2010). Grand Rapids Urban Market: Background Information. Grand Rapids, MI. Retrieved on February 20, 2015 from LINK.

Harvard Law School Food Law and Policy Clinic (Harvard FLPC). (2012). GOOD LAWS, GOOD FOOD: PUTTING LOCAL FOOD POLICY TO WORK FOR OUR COMMUNITIES. Harvard Law School: Cambridge, MA. Retrieved on December 5, 2014 from LINK.

Lucas, S., Goddeeris, L. & Cantrell, P. (2013). Food Innovation Districts: An Economic Gardening Tool. Michigan Planner, 17(3). Retrieved on November 5, 2014 from LINK.

Neuner, K., Kelly, S., & Raja, S. (2011). Planning to Eat? Innovative Local Government Plans and Policies to Build Healthy Food Systems in the United States. Buffalo, New York: The Food Systems Planning and Healthy Communities Lab. Retrieved on August 3, 2015 from LINK.