|Full Policy Name:|
|Topics:||Community Development and Neighborhood Revitalization, Economic Development|
The Brownfield Redevelopment Financing Act (Public Act 381 of 1996) allows municipalities to create Brownfield Redevelopment Authorities (BRA) to finance brownfield redevelopment projects on sites that are considered to be contaminated, blighted, or obsolete property. Local BRAs can fund these projects by establishing a tax increment financing (TIF) district or through grants and loans from Michigan’s Brownfield Redevelopment Program or the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Redeveloped brownfields can be used for a variety of purposes to generate revenue for the municipality, which may include land uses that also support local food economies.
|Relationship to food access, food insecurity, or local food economies:||
Local and regional BRAs can potentially improve food access by transforming vacant or blighted properties into urban farms or food hubs (Leonard 2014; Cantrell et al. 2013). Various cities in Michigan have used brownfield funds to create opportunities for food retail businesses. The City of Grand Rapids Downtown Development Authority used these funds to create the Grand Rapids Downtown Market, a food innovation district (MDEQ n.d.), while the The City of Lansing BRA redeveloped the City Market (MDEQ 2011). Likewise, Lincoln Township in Berrien County received a loan to fund the cleanup of a site that eventually became a Meijer (MDEQ 2011).
|Scale of Governance:||State|
|Policy Text Link:||URL|
|Michigan Good Food Charter Priority:||Priority 4 - Support new or existing grocery stores, Priority 5 - Encourage food business districts|
Cantrell, P., Colasanti, K., Goddeeris, L., Lucas, S., McCauley, M., Michigan State
Leonard, N. (2014). Utilizing Michigan Brownfield Policies to Incentivize
Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ). (2011). “Brownfield
Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ). (n.d.). “Brownfield